Table of Contents Table of Contents
Previous Page  13 / 163 Next Page
Show Menu
Previous Page 13 / 163 Next Page
Page Background


The Kimberley Region in northwest Australia

remains until this day little researched and largely

undeveloped. The 420,000 km² area only has

around 40,000 inhabitants. From a geological

perspective, it is one of the oldest formations

on earth, with two billion year old volcanic and

sedimentary rock that was lifted up roughly 200

million years ago, forming a plateau that has

been cut by ravines and sculpted into bizarre

rock formations by the forces of wind and water

erosion. During the summer, a tropical monsoon

climate reigns in the Kimberley, with heavy

rainfall, 90% humidity, and temperatures of over

40°C. This is followed by a similarly long winter

dry season in which the humidity sinks as low as

27% and temperatures drop to 30°C. The interior

of the Kimberley region is the hottest part of

the southern hemisphere. The plateau is covered

with abundant vegetation, including acacias,

eucalyptus trees, and a variety of grasses such as

spinifex, which is adapted to arid conditions. In

many places the plateau abruptly drops down to

the Timor Sea, into which the rivers that cut across

the plateau empty with spectacular waterfalls.