This site and the Kimberley Toad Busters cane toad volunteer group was established by Kimberley Specialists
A chronological Living History of the KTB
Website constructed and maintained by Dean Goodgame of Kimberley Specialists
Website written material & up-dates provided by Lee Scott-Virtue

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Media coverage
Media Releases
Politicians visits
KTB Awards
Research* Education  

*A list of research outputs can be found at the end of the Chronology.
It is a sample only and more information can be found on the KTB and KSR web sites.

Under the umbrella of Kimberley Specialists, founded by Lee Scott-Virtue in 1990, Lee established two non-profit organisations, to conduct natural, cultural and scientific research in the Kimberley region of Western Australia to encourage research to enable government, scientists and Aboriginal people to implement strategies and focus efforts on the long-term sustainability of the region. Although the below chronology focuses on Kimberley Toad Busters, there is several years of research output and other activities under Kimberley Specialists in Research, including scientific and community environmental forums in 1998 and 2001 that feed into the research conducted under KTB.

  • Kimberley Specialists in Research approached Triple J to see if they would be interested in putting in place an ‘enviro’ or ‘research’ levy to raise funds to sponsor research in the Kimberley.

  • Triple J agreed to put in place $1 for every passenger carried.

  • Around this time KSR approached Ag WA, CALM, Water and Rivers, SWEK and other government agencies to raise awareness of the impending invasion of cane toads of the East Kimberley. None of these local government agencies appeared to be aware of the cane toad threat, nor was anything being done about the threat. Ag WA was then the first Kununurra based agency to then pick up on the cane toad threat.

  • The community KSR cane toad forum was the first coordinated community outcome arising from the KSR agitation about the cane toad threat.

  • Kimberley Specialists asked Triple J if they would contribute the ‘enviro/research’ levy towards the cost of the Cane Toad forum.

  • Kimberley Specialists sought further funding for proposed March Kununurra Cane Toad Forum. Triple J (local business) contributed $8,700 towards the organisational costs of the forum.

  • Community Website established and set up by the donation of time, resources and expertise of Dean Goodgame of Kimberley Specialists. 

  • Kununurra Cane Toad Forum held in Kununurra facilitated, organised and partly sponsored by Lee Scott-Virtue through Kimberley Specialists in Research. After an approach from KSR, Dr Andrew Storey agreed to assist in the facilitation of academics to speak at the forum. Full sponsorship list is on website.

  • Cane Toad Environmental Art Exhibition held.

  • KSR sponsorship paid for all speakers including Tim Winton, Chris Tallentyre (Executive Officer CCWA) and Russell Gueho, to attend the Kununurra forum.

  • WA State and Northern Territory governments funded cane toad trapping trials begin near Timber Creek and Victoria River Roadhouse in the NT.

  • First Kimberley Toadbusters training and busting weekend with 90 volunteers.

  • Large indigenous commitment and presence, which has continued through all toad busts and training.

  • Cathy Freeman and Deborah Mailman attended.

  • SBS Lonely Planet coverage.

  • First Kimberley Specialists Kimberley Toad Busters Newsletter No. 1 published.

  • Kimberley Specialists publish cane toad safety and trapping manual on their website.

  • Kimberley Specialists discuss Insurance for their volunteers with CALM. A procedure set in place by CALM.

  • Kimberley Toad Busters Newsletters included in CALM’s Wildlife Science Library Collection.

  • CDEP coordinators set in train process for registering toad busting and trap making as a CDEP activity.

  • Cane toad busting training and busting weekend at Fitzroy Community and Victoria River Roadhouse.

  • Stateline television coverage organised by Kimberley Specialists.

  • Timber Creek aboriginal elder, Elaine Watts involved in Fitzroy Community KTB toad busting educational exercise and promises volunteer support for the KTB field campaign.

  • Big commitments from CDEP and TAFE aboriginal programs.

  • Second Kimberley Specialists Kimberley Toad Busters Newsletter published.

  • Kimberley Specialists accepts CALM $10,000 offer of financial support to the Kimberley Toad Busting efforts.

  • Commitment from CALM for support to Kimberley Specialists volunteer group.

  • Toad busting and training weekend.

  • Third newsletter published. Kimberley Toad Busters Field Strategy outlined in Newsletter.

  • Kimberley Specialists Kimberley Toad Busters educational training weekend, including busting surveys by boats on Victoria River.

  • Fourth newsletter published. Local Newspaper offers a weekly Toad Busting update column to Kimberley Specialists. Lee Scott-Virtue to write the weekly account.

  • Kimberley Toad Busters Newsletters to be published in the Battye Library’s Electronic Publications.

  • Kimberley Toad Busters Newsletters to be published in the National Library’s “Pandora” electronic archives.

  • Kimberley Specialists’ Kimberley Toad Busters educational training weekend

  • First Kimberley Toad Busting Kimberley Echo bi-line published.

  • Commitment from CALM for support to Kimberley Specialists volunteer group.

  • 2nd Kimberley Toad Buster Echo Bi-line published.

  • 3rd Kimberley Toad Busting Kimberley Echo bi-line published.

  • Shire of Wyndham East Kimberley agrees to provide the Kimberley Specialists a 4W/D vehicle on a weekend basis for Kimberley Toad Busters. Cole’s Kununurra also offers the use of a 4W/D vehicle for some of their staff to use when ‘toad busting’.

  • 4th Kimberley Toad Busters Echo bi-line published.

  • Kimberley TAFE Kununurra commenced manufacturing traps for Kimberley Toad Busters.

  • $42,000 worth of urgently needed safety equipment donated to the KTBs and arrived in Kununurra from Biodiversity Protection Inc. based in Perth.

  • Fifth KTB newsletter published.

  • Training for Tourism operators at Victoria River Roadhouse, and volunteer cane toad busting activities all weekend. Almost 80 volunteers attended.

  • Sixth newsletter published.

  • 4th Kimberley Toad Busters Echo bi-line published.

  • 5th Kimberley Toad Busters Echo bi-line published.

  • Seventh Kimberley Toad Busters Newsletter published.

  • Kimberley Toad Busters Proposed Trapping Strategy published in newsletter.

  • Kimberley Busters trialled Leaf Blowers and other equipment on Tadpoles and metamorphs.

  • Triple J Tours donated 21 seater bus for permanent use by Kimberley Toad Busters.

  • Minister of Defence agrees to access to Bradshaw Military Base for Kimberley Toad Busters subject to conditions.

  • Local business Rogers Machinery commits sponsorship of a Fire Pump to Kimberley Toad Busters.

  • 6th Kimberley Toad Busters Echo bi-line published.

  • Kimberley Toad Busters traps made by Kimberley TAFE, Kununurra (materials/solar panels/lights donated by Biodiversity Protection Inc) were trailed for the first time.

  • Kimberley Toad Busters 7th Echo bi-line published.

  • Lions Club offer insurance for Kimberley Toad Busters.

  • State Minister for the Environment the Honourable Dr Judy Edwards MLA attends Kununurra and hears about local concerns about STTF and listens to KSR power-point presentation on work of Kimberley Specialists and the Kimberley Toad Busters. Requests Lee Scott-Virtue to send Kimberley Toad Busting information directly to her.

  • KTB volunteers continued to toad bust through Christmass.

  • No 8 Kimberley Toad Busters' Newsletter, publishing all toad busting results on website, by Kimberley Specialists.

  • Kimberley Diamond Company sponsors Kimberley Toad Busters a freezer and Leaf Blower.

  • Obtained permission from Bradshaw Military base to toad bust on their land.

  • Newsletter No 9 published on website.

  • Perth based Friends of the Kimberley Toad Busters established.

  • Newsletters No 10 and No 11 publishing all toad busting results on website, by Kimberley Specialists

  • KTB Friends School based cane toad education commences in Perth.

  • Newsletter No 12 publishing all toad busting results on website, by Kimberley Specialists.

  • Newsletter No 13 publishing all toad busting results on website, by Kimberley Specialists.

  • KTB winners of the Regional Achievement and Community Awards Kleenheat Gas Community of the Year Award 2006

  • Newsletter No 14 publishing all toad busting results on website, by Kimberley Specialists.

  • KTB Semi-finalist in the 2006 WA Land care Award

  • Newsletter No 15 publishing all toad busting results on website, by Kimberley Specialists.

  • KTB winners of the Western Australian Environmental Awards 2006 Community Organisation

  • First Colonising cane toad frontline map produced.

  • Federal government registers the KTBs as a Registered Environmental organisation, thereby granting KTBs tax deductibility status

  • KTB Winner of the 2006 Kleenheat Regional Community Year of the Year awards

  • KTB Winner of the 2006 WA Environment Community of the Year award

  • Newsletter No 16 publishing all toad busting results on website, by Kimberley Specialists.

  • Toad busting continuously through Christmas New Year period.

  • Corrective Services developing Prison Camp Bob Cooper Safety Courses for toad busting. CS keen to get the Biodiversity Survey happening with the prisoners.

  • Kimberley Toad Busting has become a way of life for over 30% of Kununurra residents. They are now in their second wet season of toad busting. For 20 months, the Kununurra based Kimberley Toad Busters have been in the field every weekend and increasingly with teams in the field on weekdays. They have toad busted over 60 sites – up to 450 klm from home - over an area of around 120,000 square kilometres.

    They have:

    • Caught 100,721 mature cane toads from the colonising front as at March 2007.
    • Run a field campaign with safety of volunteers as a priority.
    • Sponsored Bob Cooper Bush survival courses for KTB and DEC toad busters.
    • Slowed the movement of the colonising front.
    • Reduced the number of breeding toads at the front.
    • Minimised the impact of the front on local fauna by preserving food resources.
    • Liaised with the NT Parks and Wildlife, and the army for access to lands under their control, for access for toad busting.
    • Continued to educate and involve Northern Territory aboriginal communities and pastoral station managers in and around the colonising front about the complexity of the cane toad front and about cane toad behaviour and how to make a difference.
    • Continued to develop the ongoing cane toad educational program in the Kimberley by setting up cane toad displays, talking at local schools and businesses and entering. KTBs into various 2007 environmental and other volunteer awards.
    • Continued to liaise closely with the scientists from around Australia conducting research on cane toads.
    • Involved over 30% of the Kununurra community in toad busting including indigenous and non-indigenous men, women and children and anticipate that this number will. grow to 50% by the end of February.
    • Involved tourists in toad busting with the proposed release of 10,000 educational brochures encouraging visitors driving from the NT to WA to ‘pick-up’ toads.
    • Established cane toad trap making, educational and biodiversity survey programs in schools, TAFE and prison camps.
    • Continued to involve indigenous communities in every step of the campaign.
    • Established an indigenous hot line for cane toad finds.
    • Established the support of DEC Kununurra, SWEK, many businesses and the federal government.
    • Established support groups such as the Friends of the Kimberley Toad Busters based in Perth in Broome and Darwin.
    • Established on-going and new links with other volunteer groups throughout Australia wanting to set up cane toad fighting units.
    • Ongoing by lines published in the Kimberley Echo.
    • On-going advertorials and advertisements.

  • The KTBs are ALL VOLUNTEERS and (other than $15,000 provided by CALM at a regional level in 2005 to Kimberley Specialists in Research for maintenance of the community website and field expenses incurred by volunteers travelling to the cane toad front) the KTBs have had no WA State government financial support.

  • The Federal Government support in June 2006 was opportune and assisted the community driven Kimberley Toad Busters to grow to the strength they have today.

  • Wet Season KTB helicopter cane toad reconnaissance undertaken around Bullo River Station.

  • 10,000 KTB Educational Brochure, designed and written by KTBs and Friends of the KTBs based in Perth, and sponsored by Nina’s Jewellery, delivered to traveller and tourist outlets between Darwin and Kununurra.

  • Newsletter No 17 published.

  • Cane Toad Quiz Night fund raiser held in Kununurra raises $4,500.

  • WA State government announces interim support for KTBs at $12,000 a month while DEC/Peacock Review and Report being written.

  • Numerous KTB education displays around Kununurra businesses.

  • Bob Cooper returns to Kununurra to hold bush survival courses for KTB field leaders.

  • Federal government grants $69,000 to buy second hand bus and trailer to transport large teams, including our junior toadbusters to the front.

  • Pearl donated by Nina’s Jewellery Kununurra donated for KTB raffle prize.

  • KTB newsletter No 18 published.

  • KTBs finalists in three and winner of one category in the prestigious national environmental awards, the Banksia Environment Community of the Year Award.

  • Bunbury Vietnam Veterans team arrive for one month of toad busting.

  • KTB website averaging 700 hits a day

  • KTB recorded toad tally up to 117,821 (around 59,000 kgs of cane toad biomass).

  • Groups involved in KTB campaign now include Wyndham Prison Camp, TAFE,CDEP, schools, Shire of Wyndham East Kimberley, DEC, Vietnam Veterans, Conservation Volunteers Australia, Triple J Tours, Nina’s Jewellery, Diversion Art Gallery Kununurra, Coles Kununurra, NT Parks and Wildlife, Kimberley Specialists in Research, Biodiversity Protection WA, Speleologists’ groups, Hotel Kununurra, and many more.

  • KTB Newsletter No 19 published.

  • KTB winners Banksia Award 2007 Community Category Winner

  • KTBs celebrate 2 years of weekly toad busting.

  • The Hon Kim Chance and Dept of Ag ensure that KTBs issued a licence to import dead cane toads for scientific and educational purposes.

  • Number of media outlets and journals send representatives to toad bust.

  • Recorded KTB Toad Tally is 140,642.

  • KTBs major funding sources now amount as follows:

    • Kimberley Specialists in Research $160,000 (and countless hours of in-kind contributions)

    • Triple J $55,000 (and double this in in-kind contributions)

    • Individual and business donations

    • Federal Government: $373,011

    • State Government: $60,000

    • Biodiversity Protection WA: $125,000.

  • Second cane toad colonising frontline map produced.

  • Newsletter 20

  • WA State government announces a welcome $240,000 direct grant to KTB for recurrent field expenses for one year, bringing the total amount from WA State government to the KTBs to $300,000.

  • KTBs announce establishment of Cane Toad Research Station on Nicholson Station with the support of Ord River Resources Ltd.

  • KTB average cost for placing approximately 10 – 90 volunteers each week in areas that span 120,000 sq kms. is around $20,000 per month.

  • KTB Newsletters, and Media releases by Friends of the KTBs (around 30 media releases to date) keep being produced; and updating of continues regularly, to keep public informed about KTB campaign and results

  • KTB request meeting with Robert Edel, Chair of STTF

  • Sandy Boulter meets with Robert Edel to propose a way forward. Sandy suggests that KTB assistance with best placement STTF’s next muster and a couple of informal meetings in Kununurra leading up to the STTF next muster might be a gentle way forward. This offer is rejected.

  • Lottery West Grant $169,225.00.

  • Transport/Vehicles 2 quad bikes & 2 Kubotas incl. off-road trailers, transport trailers and spotlights for each vehicle. Toyota tray back. Yr 1, 2 & 3: reg., ins and service for each vehicle.

  • Newsletter 21

  • Cheque from WA government finally sent to KTBs three months after announcement and presentation of “cheque” to KTBs by Premier in Kununurra.

  • 5 page article in the Australian Weekend Magazine celebrating the KTB cane toad campaign.

  • Jordy Groffen arriving from INHOLLAND University in the Netherlands to do his internship on the lungworm, in cane toads.

  • Jordy Groffen and KTB find the lungworm on Victoria River Roadhouse in the NT only 2 years behind the cane toad frontline.

  • Press Release. Toads on a killing spree.

  • West Australian Weekend Magazine 5 page article in the West Australian Weekend Magazine celebrating the KTB cane toad campaign, and scientific research into lungworm parasite.

  • Newsletter 22

  • Jordy Groffen takes cane toad samples from Jasper Gorge, Victoria river Downs, Mawk’s lagoon, Turtle spring, Coolibah station, Coolibah croc farm and Timber creek to determine the parasite frontline. KTB groups helping Jordy Groffen to get his samples in the areas, Auvergne station, West Baines, Auvergne Billabong, King’s billabong, Skeahan, Googlie holes, Bullo road Turkey nest and Dashalong dam

  • WA Minister for Environment the Hon. D. Templeman goes toadbusting with KTBs.

  • Newsletter no 23

  • Media Release.

  • BBC documentary crew go toadbusting for BBC series on economic impact of invasive species to be aired next year worldwide.

  • Toad busting with Steve Pennells from West Australian newspaper.

  • Australian media interested in lungworm, GWN film crew goes toadbusting. Interviews with ABC rural, ABC national, ABC Broome, Broome advertiser, Kimberley Echo (front-page), West Australian newspaper and NT news.

  • KTB and lungworm big topic in the Dutch media, Jordy Groffen interviewed for newspapers as; De Telegraaf, ANP, Algemeen dagblad, Spits, Volkskrant, Haarlems Dagblad. Radio interviews; TMF, De wereld omroep (worldwide), NOS journal and AT5.

  • KTB sponsored Researcher Jordy Groffen releases Map showing Lungworm Parasite progress.

  • Vertebrate Pests Conference Cane Toad Forum Darwin.

  • KTBs present 2 papers to post conference cane toad forum:
    • KTB Volunteerism.

    • KTB parasite research in front line cane toads.

  • KTB Newsletter Number 24 published.

  • KTB DVD 2008 released “Cane Toad, Cane Toad”.

  • Media release


  • Media release

  • A partnership between KTB and the Aminbidji Community formed.

  • KTB members train the community on how to toad bust. Equipment required is given to the community.

  • KTB Partnerships as at June 2008 include: KTB Partnerships. It is important to note that the continually growing KTB campaign has seen an extraordinary number of partnerships fostered with the KTBs. These multiple partnership alliances have improved the KTB toadbusting capacity, and facilitated funding and promotional opportunities, and the establishment of base line data requirements useful for researchers looking for solutions to the cane toad threat to Australia’s ecosystems and biodiversity.

    These partnerships include:

    Educational and scientific

    • National Universities throughout Australia: collection, collation of biological and behavioural observations in the field as well as supporting and sponsoring post graduate students working on cane toads and native biodiversity research projects
    • International contribution: Support and sponsorship of a postgraduate student from the University In Holland in Delft, looking at parasites in cane toads and local frogs.
    • Bob Cooper Survival and Bush Skills KTB initiative: Safety training for all Toad Buster leaders in survival and bushcraft skills necessary for safety in the field; and survival and safety skills training. Over 100 Aboriginal and non Aboriginal junior Toad Busters, Aboriginal children at Risk from Wyndham and the Wyndham Prison Camp Aboriginal inmates have so far undertaken the course, which was organised by the KTBs.
    • East Kimberley College of TAFE KTB initiative: Undertaking training a ranger instruction course and certificate including the identification, trapping and disposal of cane toads; cane toad education and trap making programs. Over 40 Aboriginal students have now been through the course.
    • CDEP job program KTB initiative: cane toad training of CDEP employed workers including the identification, trapping and disposal of cane toads. There are now 10 Aboriginal Communities now involved in this program.
    • Perth Based Friends of the Kimberley Toad Busters for education and cane toad awareness in schools, corporate business and other volunteer organisations and associations in Perth and the south west of WA.
    • Workbase Kununurra KTB initiative: Native Biodiversity Survey Program instigated in partnership with KTBs as part of the Indigenous training requirement ‘Work for the Dole’.

    Indigenous and Community

    • Waringarri Aboriginal Corporation KTB initiative: CDEP job program.
    • Department of Corrective Services KTB initiative: prison inmates involved in trap making and biodiversity surveys.
    • Workbase KTB initiative: toad busting as part of self esteem and confidence building.
    • Numerous aboriginal community participation with the KTBs both within Western Australia and the Northern Territory including Miniata, Bell Springs and Darlu Darlu communities.
    • Vietnam Veteran Teams travelling up from South West WA to toad bust

    Government Organisations / Departments

    • Department of Environment and Conservation: Close field partnership with close liaison and information sharing; volunteer insurance for toad busters; sharing in skills training, public forums and education, and sponsorship
    • Shire of Wyndham – East Kimberley – sponsorship - public forums and education, In-Kind contributions especially vehicle loan for transport to the colonising front.

    Businesses and Community

    • Argyle Diamonds
    • Triple Tours Kununurra: provision of vehicles and fuel for transportation of volunteers and equipment in carrying out Toad Busting Activities
    • Kimberley Veterinary Clinic: provision of euthanasia for disposal of cane toads; and instructional education of the public and volunteers
    • Kimberley Specialists in Research
    • Wilderness Society
    • Kimberley Wildlife Rescue
    • Kununurra Lions Club: sponsorship and insurance coverage
    • Volunteers Australia
    • Coles, Kununurra
    • Bushcamp Supplies
    • Several other Community Business (see website for list).

  • Jordy Groffen submitted his report and finished his internship.
  • KTBs very disappointed to read of loss of funding to one of the most promising cane toad research projects in Australia: Prof. Rob Capon at Queensland Institute of Molecular Science.

  • September 1st 2008 Patron for KTBS Mark Bin Baker and Mary G recognise contribution of KTBs to aboriginal community by agreeing to be patron of the KTBs

  • Media release: Pygmy crocodile faces extinction

  • Third cane toad colonising frontline map produced.

  • KTB produce a KTB cane toad Educational Brochure. 10,000 printed

  • Media release: Kimberley’s last chance.

  • Bubble Bubble Community and KTB Partnership.

  • As over 2,000 registered local KTB volunteers enter their FOURTH YEAR of Reconnaissance and WEEKLY hunting and gathering cane toads over 200,000 sq kms as a way of life, they are working hard to save species from extinction by the cane toad invasion. Cane toad colonising corridors identified by the KTBs have now merged to 6 corridors and span a front line length of around 500kms. KTBs have caught, weighed, measured, killed and recorded 327,169. adult cane toads; and countless millions of tadpoles and metamorphs (thereby taking over 150,000 kgs of cane toad biomass out of our already threatened precious NT desert eco-systems). As at October 2008, the KTB toadbusting comprises an estimated 520,690 volunteer field hours (and including support and administration hours it is probably closer to 970,000 volunteer hours!) At $20 an hour, this equates to over $19 million dollars) volunteer work value.

  • KTBs publish 25th KTB newsletter.

  • KTB appoint Indigenous Coordinator.

  • David Kentish Cane Toad Calling Research Program commences.

  • Minister for Environment, the Hon. Donna Faragher announces $1.2 million over 4 years for the KTBs.

  • Deputy Premier and Minister for Health and Indigenous Affairs, the Honourable Dr Kim Hames; and Minister for the Environment, the Honourable Ms Donna Faragher toad bust with the KTBs.

  • Japanese Film documentary team toad busts and films with the KTBs.

  • KTB contract Katrina Nissen to research information for Kimberley biodiversity I.D. Cards for the proposed “What’s in your Backyard?” program.

  • Australian documentary crew toad busting with KTBs.

  • KTB publish Newsletter no 26.

  • “What’s in your Backyard?” poster released.

  • 4 x 21 publications on biodiversity of the Kimberley purchased by KTB and donated to various Kimberley Libraries.

  • KTB Launch of the community biodiversity program “What’s in your Backyard?”

  • Jordy Groffen arrives back to do his thesis on the lungworm parasite movement and doing field tests to see if a brain parasite might be present.

  • Jordy Groffen is studying the movement of the lungworm parasite through the cane toad frontline. And has taken samples from 28 different locations including the once from 2008 to see the change in lungworm density of the parasite.

  • 3educational posters produced on toad identification, community involvement and biodiversity at risk from the cane toad.

  • LYALL GRIEVE HIS RESEARCH on the effect of cane toads on small reptile species.

  • “BUYING MORE TIME PROJECT” doc released A WA Government and KTB partnership.

  • KTB initiated a program of getting Backpackers to participate in toad busting. This gives visitors to the region an opportunity to interact with the local community.

  • Newsletter 27

  • 259 toads are tested for brain parasite, no evidence of a brain parasite is found

  • Kimberley cane toad educational power point provided to the Kununurra primary and high school

  • Jordy Groffen submits report, new parasite frontline and finished his thesis.

  • Newsletter 28

  • KTB contracts Ruth Duncan to establish the “What’s in your Backyard?” recording program and the “Iconic Species” monitoring” Program.

  • Partnership between KTB and Cockatoo Springs Community. Cockatoo is the first community in WA to have to confront cane toads.

  • Environmental “Pecha Kucha’, photographic & art Competition doc. released.

  • Newsletter 29

  • Media Release “What’s in your Backyard?”

  • KTB publish Newsletter no. 30

  • Kimberley Toad Busters submit program “What’s in YOUR Backyard?” firmly established

  • KTB send skins down to Melbourne University for research on poison.


  • KTB winners of the Banksia Award 2009 Indigenous Category Winner

  • 5th cane toad colonizing frontline map produced.

  • SBS Living Black program featured an evening toad busting at Newry Station with Kununurra Indigenous Community members.

  • KTB publish Newsletter No 31.

  • “Adopt a Street’ program initiated by KTB

  • Feature article in The West Australian newspaper by Jessica Strutt about the diverse membership of KTB and their experiences whilst out busting.

  • KTB Trial of Carbon Dioxide for the euthanasia of Cane Toads (Bufo marinus) in field conditions doc. Released for comment.

  • Media Release “Argyle Underground Project provides donation to help Kimberley Toad Busters perform much needed biodiversity survey in the Kimberley”.

  • KTB sponsorship of Dutch Honours student Arthur Bijl to undertake field trials on Lungworm infection from infected toads to healthy toads.

  • Argyle Underground Project (Argyle Diamond Mine) donate vehicle for the “What’s in your Backyard?” field work.

  • Media release “Kimberley Toad Busters encounter another serious environmental threat to the Kimberley”.


  • Media release: Cane toad front line inches closer to Kununurra.

  • Media release: Kimberley Toad Busters encounter another serious environmental threat to the Kimberley: Blind State Government Bureaucracy

  • Jordy Groffen arrives back to make new parasites frontline map and see the difference per year. Thirty-six areas were checked to determine the new frontline.

  • Toadbusting with ABC rural reporter.

  • KTB contract Field Coordinator.

  • KTB contract Science and Education Coordinator.

  • KTB contract an Administration Coordinator.

  • KTB organises the Cane Toad Forum in Kununurra.

    • Presented over three days;

    • The lungworm movement trough the cane toad frontline.

    • The effect of cane toads on small invertebrates.

    • KTB slowing down the cane toad?

  • DVD’s are made from the presentation on forum.

  • GWN was present at the forum to do interviews with the speakers.

  • KTB sponsor Derby District two High School teachers to attend KTB Forum.

  • KTB has a Saturday educational stand on the Kununurra market to inform tourist and locals about the cane toads and the effect on native wildlife from March through to October..

  • Press Release: Toad killers finalist in top climate award.

  • KTB finalists in the United Nations World Day Environment Awards.

  • Draft SOP Euthanasia CO2 trials draft paper produced

  • Google maps of frontline reconnaissance results produced for the first time.

  • KTB works with DDHS to assist the school to establish the KTB Iconic Species Monitoring program with the Derby Bush Ranger Cadet Unit. Four sites were selected.

  • KTB win the United Nations World Environment Day Community section Awards

  • KTB semi-finalists in the Regional Achievement and Community Awards CSBP Environment

  • Media release

  • KTB winner United Nations World Day Environmental Awards Community group

  • KTB Newsletter 33 & 32

  • KTB Newsletter 34 & 35

  • Environmental cane toad Forum Handbook printed

  • KTB had a stand on the Perth Royal Show to inform people about cane toads and the effect at native wildlife.

  • 6th cane toad colonising frontline map produced

  • Newsletter 36

  • Iconic Species Monitoring Report from DDHS / Derby Bush Ranger Cadet Unit using WIYBY program for KTB AGM was submitted.

  • KTB Newsletter 37:

  • Derby Bush Ranger Cadet Unit commences Iconic Species Monitoring of four sites using KTB’s WIYBY program.

  • First Draft released. Teachers Resource Activities for cane toad and biodiversity awareness!

  • 500 I.D. cards produced on Kimberley native biodiversity.

  • Google maps of frontline reconnaissance updated.

  • KTB Draft Teachers Resource Activities for cane toad and biodiversity awareness sent to schools!

  • Cane Toad I.D. Table released. “Is it a Native Frog or Cane Toad?” Kimberley Toad Busters’ Definitive Table!

  • Newsletter 38

  • KTB Educational program at Derby District High School

  • 60 Minutes and Liam Bartlett joined KTB an filmed the first evidence of toads swimming across Lake Argyle.

  • Newsletter 39

  • KTB send cane toad livers and hearts to PhD research student at the University of Western Australia.

  • Derby Bush Ranger Cadet Unit continues Iconic Species Monitoring of four sites using KTB’s WIYBY program.

  • KTB win the UNAA World Environment Day Community Award

  • KTB receive $300,000 from the WA state Government DEC Minister of Environment Bill Marmion.

  • Media Release:” Toads evolving in response to human predation”.

  • Newsletter 40

  • Media Release: ‘Carbon capture’.

  • Media Release: ‘A smiling Crocodile’.

  • KTB sponsors two DDHS teachers to attend the 6th World Environmental Education Congress in Brisbane to deliver a paper on the KTB “What’s in your Backyard?” and “Iconic Species “ monitoring projects. The title of the paper was “Establishing Iconic Species Monitoring in the West Kimberley through School and Community Partnerships”.

  • Newsletter 41

  • KTB hosts Derby Bush Ranger Cadets for 6 Day Cane Toad Educational and Bush Survival Camp

  • Media Release: ‘Help; is as Help does’.

  • Newsletter 42

  • Finalists East Kimberley Aboriginal Achievement Awards

  • Finalists in the Banksia Awards in the Indigenous section 'What's in your backyard?

  • Kimberley Toad Busters are a Semi Finalist in the CSBP Environment Award.

  • Finalist in the Environmental and Communication Category of the 2011 Western Australian Environment Awards.

  • Derby Bush Ranger Cadet Unit continues Iconic Species Monitoring of four sites using KTB’s WIYBY program.

  • Press Release ‘’here are our boat people’

  • Media Release: ‘Cane Toad Volunteers fight back’

  • Media Release: ‘Toad Bankers’.

  • Shadow Minister Greg Hunt joins KTB on a Toad Bust

  • Media Release: ‘The underestimated Toad’.

  • Media Release: ‘Juvdnild Justice partinering KTB in environmental efforts

  • University of WA and the Dept of Education WA pick up KTB “Whats in your Backyard?” Biodiversity recording program. Now using for Indigenous school curriculum.

  • KTB had a stand on the Perth Royal Show to inform people about cane toads and the effect at native wildlife.

  • 7th cane toad colonising frontline map produced.

  • Derby Bush Ranger Cadet Unit continues Iconic Species Monitoring of four sites using KTB’s WIYBY program.

  • Kimberley Diamond Company include the KTB “What’s in your Backyard?” program at the mine.

  • Power point cane toad educational to West Australian Tourism Commission Board members. “Toad-ally Awesome! Busting Kimberley Style”.

  • Contracted biodiversity officer Gary Rethus to coordinate the KTB “ What’s in your Backyard?” biodiversity recording and monitoring program.

  • Field report : Fauna Presence Survey - Nicholson Station

  • Media Release. Bridging the gap

  • KTB established their Positive Outcome Program (POP) draft document .

  • Reconnaissance trip for toads in the Ord river, near Purnululu National park

  • Contracted Jordy Groffen MSc and Leonie Jacobs MSc

  • Collecting lungworm data by Jordy Groffen MSc and Leonie Jacobs MSc in Turkey creek, Wave hill, Limbanya station, Inverway station, Kirkimbie station, Forrest creek and Brook creek

  • Newsletter 43

  • KTB facilitates Positive Outcome Program “Testing the Waters” POP camp in collaboration with Save the Children, Bob Cooper Bush Survival, Go Wild Adventure Tours, Triple J Tours

  • KTB has every Saturday a stand on the Kununurra market to inform tourist and locals about the cane toads and the effect on native wildlife.

  • Cane Toad Educational Power Point presentation to the Kimberley Society in Perth

  • Field report Napp Springs - Biodiversity Survey

  • Collecting lungworm data by Jordy Groffen MSc and Leonie Jacobs MSc in Tin shed dam, Packsaddle Springs, Victoria River roadhouse, East and North side of Lake Argyle, Timber creek, Jaspers Gorge, Coolibah station and croc farm, Old Humbert station and Marralum community.

  • KTB has every Saturday a stand on the Kununurra market to inform tourist and locals about the cane toads and the effect on native wildlife.

  • Collecting lungworm data by Jordy Groffen MSc and Leonie Jacobs MSc Newry Station, King billabong and bullo river turkey nest, Diggers rest and El Questro.

  • KTB has every Saturday a stand on the Kununurra market to inform tourist and locals about the cane toads and the effect on native wildlife.

  • KTB have sent liver samples to Murdoch University for a pathological research. This research showed a new disease found in cane toads. This will be published later.

  • Research sponsored by KTB. Cane toads in the Kimberley region, WA. The effects of the invasive Cane toads (Bufo marinus) on the native small reptile fauna of the Kimberley, WA.

  • Documentary produced on KTB research by film producer Mathiass Van Zomeren.

  • Press Release:. KTB Data & the results of indirect impacts of toads!

  • Map produced of southern cane toad/parasite frontline

  • Mapping of distribution or greater bilbies on Nicholson Station.

  • Field report on lungworm research submitted.

  • KTB newsletter 45 .

  • Biodiversity survey on the north side of Drysdale national park to get insight in species richness before toads arrive.

  • KTB has every Saturday a stand on the Kununurra market to inform tourist and locals about the cane toads and the effect on native wildlife.

  • KTB Field report of the survey conducted north of Drysdale national park.

  • KTB contracted Danielle Taylor in fulltime Science and Education Coordinator position.

  • KTB liaises with Agencies, Organisations and Individuals to promote community collaboration for Positive Outcomes Program.

  • Newsletter 46

  • KTB facilitates second POP camp in collaboration with Save the Children and Rustic Pathways Organisation.

  • KTB Parry Creek Toad Bust Field Report submitted.

  • KTB POP Camp Field Report submitted.

  • KTB has every Saturday a stand on the Kununurra market to inform tourist and locals about the cane toads and the effect on native wildlife.

  • Kimberley Toad Busters Finalists CSBP Environment Award

  • KTB undertake field survey in Purnululu National Park for cane toads, breeding and the prevalence of the lungworm parasite.

  • KTB submit a written field report on results of survey to DEC.

  • Newsletter 47

  • KTB Lungworm Scientist submits lungworm parasite article.

  • KTB submit a revised report on the “What’s In Your Backyard” for school curriculums.

  • KTB Home Valley Biodiveristy Survey Field Report submitted.

  • KTB had a stand on the Perth Royal Show to inform people about cane toads and the effect at native wildlife.

  • Field report Packsaddle Creek, Kununurra - Biodiversity Survey

  • Field report Milligan’s Lagoon - Biodiversity Survey

  • 8th cane toad colonising frontline map produced.

  • KTB conduct cane toad Educational at Kununurra District High School.

  • KTB scientists Jordy Groffen and Leonie Jacobs submit proposal for Bilby-cat-toad research, and Freshwater crocodile and turtle research. Counting crocodiles and turtles before the toads arrive in Marella Gorge

  • KTB Newsletter 48

  • KTB field report of the crocodile and turtle survey at Marella gorge submitted.

  • KTB conduct the 2012 West Kimberley Educational trip.

  • KTB submit report on West Kimberley Educational Field trip.


  • Reconnaissance Fitzroy catchment (Bedford downs) for cane toad and lungworm frontline.

  • KTB Communication with Murdoch University about rectal prolapse in cane toads.

  • Reconnaissance “back of Doon Doon”, Bow/Wilson river and Home Valley station area for cane toad and lungworm frontline.

  • Checking for breeding in the areas around Kununurra.

  • Checking the crocodile population around the East side of Lake Argyle (Matilda creek).

  • Scotch College join KTB for 4 days to do a cane toad documentary.

  • KTB successful in getting a grant of $25,000 from the Government Community Crime Prevention for the KTB “Kids at Risk Positive Outcome project.

  • Duke of Edinborough student from New Zealand arrives to spend a week with KTB learning about the KTB community volunteer efforts.

  • Newsletter 49.

  • Educational at “the Savannah Nickel mine”.

  • World renowned environmental singer Dana Lyons arrives to hold fund raising concerts for KTB and to compose a song dedicated to the KTB volunteer efforts.

  • Researching the diet of cats on Nicholson Station and researching the effect of fire on the Bilby population.

  • Mapping of the Bilby distribution around Nicholson Station.

  • Update of the biodiversity study around Nicholson Station.

  • KTB begin a new round of experiments to make the tadpole traps more community friendly and saver.

April -13
  • Toronto Discovery Channel join KTB to film the volunteer efforts.

  • KLC Rangers from Derby and Wurman travel to the KTB headquarters at Nicholson Station to learn about cane toads and biodiversity survey project.

  • Volunteers from Perth arrive to spend a week with KTB helping out with toad busting.

  • KTB begin weekly Kununurra markets educational.

May – 13
  • Dana Lyons holds concert in Kununurra and Halls Creek to raise funds for KTB.

  • Triple J Tours and Shoal Air donate trips to KTB for Dana Lyons.

  • Dana releases song called ‘Cane Toad Muster’ dedicated to Kimberley Toad Buster volunteers.

  • KTB toad bust with Save The Children organisation.

  • KTB begin their “Kids at Risk” program.

  • Indigenous Labour candidate Josie Farrah commits $8,500 to KTB if she is elected.

June –13
  • Two volunteers from Poland join KTB for a month at the KTB Nicholson Research base.

  • Channel 10 “The Project” join KTB for 4 days to put a documentary on the KTB volunteer efforts.

  • KTB run a weekend “Kids at Risk” program at Dharlu Darlu Aboriginal Community.

  • KTB attend UNNA awards as a finalist in the Community Group of the Year.

July – 13
  • KTB run “Kids at Risk” weekend program.

  • KTB undertake field reconnaissance to track where the cane toad colonising front has got to.

  • KTB undertake a biodiversity survey of the Roe River.

Aug – 13
  • Television series ‘Bushwhacked’ joins KTB in Kununurra and at Nicholson Station to do a documentary on the Indigenous volunteer aspects of the community toad busting efforts.

  • KTB run two day “Kids at Risk” programs in Kununurra and at Nicholson Station.

Sept – 13
  • Twelve students from Bayulu Aboriginal school, Fitzroy Crossing join KTB in Kununurra for toad busting.

  • Sandra E Hernández PhD from the School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Queensland researching the origin of the cane toads malformations send by KTB.

Oct – 13
  • French television documentary team join KTB for 7 days to film their fight against the invading cane toads.

  • Newsletter 50.

  • Newsletter 51.

  • KTB scientists Jordy Groffen and Biodiversity coordinator Gary Rethus have undertaken the second survey of crocodiles and freshwater turtles in Marella gorge to monitor the impact of the cane toad on these species.

  • KTB will be taking genetic samples from turtles in Marella gorge for Dr. Nancy FitzSimmons of Griffith School of Environment Environmental Futures Centre Griffith University, Qld.

  • KTB have sent information about the toad impact on native wildlife that KTB has observed to Dr. Sean Doody of Monach University in the USA for a pending publication.


RESEARCH OUTPUT (sample only)

Scott-Virtue, L., An Archaeological Interpretation of the Bungle Bungles: A Report for the Mindi Mindi Corporation on behalf of Tanba Banks.

Scott-Virtue, L., Towards a Spatial ‘interpretation’ of the Physical Archaeological Evidence of the Bungles Bungles: An Archaeological Perspective and overview of the Bungles Bungles.

Phillips, R., A Preliminary Survey of the Birdlife of Kachana Station

Scott-Virtue, L., Assessment of the Archaeology of Kachana Pastoral Station (2001)

McCulloch, K., Impact of Differing Cattle Grazing Intensities on Ants at Kachana in the East Kimberley, Western Australia.

Storey, A., Waterways management in the east Kimberley rangelands: A perspective from Kachana Station.

2001 Kimberley Fire Forum – Brumby Base, El Questro Wilderness Park 3-6 May.

Boulter, S., Burning issues in the East Kimberley, Environmental Defenders Office WA Inc.

Dwyer, B., A case study: using cattle in landcare projects, Lissadell Station.

Ellis, A., North Kimberley Management Strategy, Kimberley Development Commission.

Harrington, D., Managing change: how our perception of landscape affects fire management, Macquarie University.

Henggeler, C., Landscape management: the Kachana perspective, Kachana Pastoral Company.

Kohen, J., Aboriginal environmental impacts: the view from the Kimberley, Macquarie University.

Novelly, P., Resource use and management in a unique environment, Agriculture Western Australia.

Palmer, C., What is the Kimberley Regional Fire Management Project?, Kimberley Fire Management Project.

Porter, S., Accounting for the Environment? A case study on sites in the Gibb River Road region, Murdoch University.

Scott-Virtue, L., and Wislon, J.J. (‘Burriwee’), The impact of fire on rock art sites in the Kimberley, Kimberley Specialists.

Start, A., Fire management and healthy country in the Kimberley region, WA Department of Conservation and Land Management.

Worley, S., Integrating management, sharing responsibility, Water and Rivers Commission.


2005 Cane Toad Forum: KTB Environmental 3 day Forum funded through ‘Caring for Country’ Federal funding & organised and run by KTB

Day 1: Scientific Speakers

Dr. Andrew Storey, Uni of W.A. - Introduction to the day

Topic 1: Current Status of Cane Toads

Dave Walden: ERISS, Review of cane toad impacts and risk assessment for Kakadu.

Jarrad Holmes: WWF & Cane Toad Task Force, Brief summaries of WWF's 'Cane Toads as a Key Threatening Process' nomination and the National Cane Toad Taskforce’. WWF, Threatened Species Network Northern Savannas Coordinator.

Topic 2: Impacts of cane toads - Recent Research Findings

Dr. Ross A. Alford: James Cook University, Ecology of cane toads in new and established populations

Lin Schwarzkopf: James Cook University, Behaviour and movement abilities of cane toads.

Adam Britton: Wildlife Management International, Studying impacts of Cane Toads on a population of Freshwater Crocodiles and a summary of known impacts to date.
Authors: Adam Britton, Grahame Webb, Jacob Bar-Lev

Meri Oakwood & Amber Hooke: Envirotek, Ecological Research, Survey and Education , NSW , Local extinction of northern quolls - the effect of cane toad invasion.

Ben Phillips: University of Sydney, NT Predicting the impact of cane toads on native fauna: a mechanistic approach.
Authors: Ben L. Phillips, Matthew Greenlees, Greg Brown, Richard Shine: School of Biological Sciences, University of Sydney, NSW.

James Smith, Key Centre for Tropical Wildlife Management, Charles Darwin University, Darwin.

Topic 3: Control of cane toads – Recent Developments.

Dr Tony Robinson : CSIRO Sustainable Ecosystems, Biocontrol approaches to cane toad control .

Graeme Sawyer: NT Frogwatch, traps and attractants

Paul Sharp :CTEC (Cane Toad Exclusion Consultancy), Regional exclusion barriers against cane toads – concepts, terrain challenges, and new barrier designs. Route options in the East Kimberley .

Topic 4: Monitoring effects of cane toads - what, where, when, how.

Dr Sunil Samaraweera , Sustainable Development Specialist, Argyle Diamonds Pty Ltd

Graham Thompsom : Centre for Ecosystem Management, Assessing the impact of Cane Toads on the terrestrial fauna of the East Kimberley
Authors: Graham G Thompson, Centre for Ecosystem Management, Edith Cowan University and Philip C Withers, School of Animal Biology, University of Western Australia.

Andrew Storey: School of Animal Biology, The University of Western Australia, Approaches for monitoring effects of cane toads on aquatic fauna - fishes and invertebrates

David Pearson: Science Division, Dept of Conservation and Land Management, monitoring impacts on frog populations of the East Kimberley

Topic 5: Where to from here

Keith Saalfeld: Wildlife Management Officer, Biodiversity Conservation, Dept Infrastructure Planning and Environment. Management of the cane toad and its impacts in the Northern Territory.

Gordon Graham: W.A. Dept Conservation & Land Management, Proposed monitoring strategies & programs

Day 2: Community Speakers

Malcolm Douglas: Broome Wilderness Park and Crocodile Farm

Tim Winton: Australian author

Dave Walden: ERISS, The generalities of threat/impact (social, economic and ecological)

Jarrad Holmes: WWF & Cane Toad Task Force, Role of CTTF – what is currently being done & planned

Victor Cooper: Indigenous representative from Kakadu with Ian Morris, Impacts of cane toads on indigenous lifestyle and values in Kakadu

Gorden Wyre & Noel Wilson: Department of Agriculture, Local information on what is happening in the Kimberley region

Tim Croot: OrdGuard Steering Committee, Cane Toads – one of the potential pests in the region

Lachlan Dobson: OrdGuard Steering Committee, Cane Toads – know no boundaries

Russell Gueho: Northern Habitat, Potential for spread of cane toad through Western Australia

Graeme Sawyer: NT Frogwatch, Traps and attractants

Paul Sharp: CTEC, Regional exclusion barriers against cane toads

Alan Thompson: SEEKS, “The Western Front” A Battle Plan to Keep Cane Toads out of Western Australia

Trish Mason: Glenella Eco Park, Doing their bit for conservation